Tenses    

The tense of a verb tell us the time when the action take place. Verbs come in three tenses :- Present , Past , Future.

Example :- 

He writes a letter.(present tense)

He wrote a letter.(past tense)

He will write a letter.(future tense)

There are twelve verb tenses forms, they are :-

Simple Present Tense

Simple Past Tense

Simple Future Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Future Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

For better understanding watch tenses video    

MORE ABOUT TENSES

EXAMPLES OF TENSES

  Simple Present Tense

 

Simple present tense describes us the facts and truth, everyday routine and universal truth.

Rules of simple present tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I do exercise daily.

  2. They play cricket.

  3. The children watch the movie.

  4. My mother cooks food.

  5. He is an engineer.

  6. They are football player

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Present Tense Of Verb

Forms Of To Be

I

We/You/They

He/She/It

First Form of Main Verb- write

First Form of Main Verb- write

First Form of Main Verb + s/es - writes

Am

Are

Is

 
 

Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense describes us the action that took place in past, such as past habit or regular habit in the past.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I did my work.

  2. They played cricket.

  3. The children watched the movie.

  4. My mother cooked food.

  5. He was a player.

  6. They were football player.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Past Tense Of Verb

Forms Of To Be

I

We/You/They

He/She/It

First Form of Verb+ ed

was

were

was

Past Form of verb

 

 Simple Future Tense

 

Simple future tense describes the actions that will happen in the future.

Rules of simple future tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I shall do exercise daily.

  2. They will play cricket.

  3. The children will watch the movie.

  4. My mother will cook food.

  5. He will be an engineer.

  6. You will play with your friends.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Future Tense of Verbs

I/We

You

He/She/It/They

Shall

Will

Will

First Form of Verb

  Present ContinuousTense

 

Present Continuous tense describes the action that is going on at present / the action that is going to take place in near future.

Rules of present continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I am doing exercise daily.

  2. They are playing cricket.

  3. The children are watching the movie.

  4. My mother is cooking food.

  5. He is reading a book.

  6. They are sitting under the tree.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Is/Am/Are

First Form of  Verb + ing

 

Past Continuous Tense

 

Past continuous tense describes the action that was going on in the past.

Rules of past continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I was doing exercise daily.

  2. They were playing cricket.

  3. The children were watching the movie.

  4. My mother was cooking food.

  5. He was reading a book.

  6. They were sitting  under the tree.

  

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Was/Were

First Form of Verb + ing

 

 Future Continuous Tense

 

Future continuous tense describes the action that will be going on in the future.

Rules of future continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I shall be doing exercise.

  2. They will be playing cricket.

  3. The children will be watching the movie.

  4. My mother will be cooking food.

  5. He will be writing.

  6. They will be sitting under the tree.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Will be/Shall be

First Form of  Verb + ing

 

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

Present Perfect Tense

 

Present perfect tense describes the action that took place in the past and the result are felt in the present.

Rules of present perfect tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I have done exercise.

  2. They have played cricket.

  3. The children have watched the movie.

  4. My mother has cooked food.

  5. He has written a letter.

  6. You have completed your work.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Has/Have

3rd form of Verb

 

Past Perfect Tense

 

Past perfect tense describes us the action that completed in the past before another action started.

Rules of past perfect tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I do exercise daily.

  2. They play cricket.

  3. The children watch the movie.

  4. My mother cooks food.

  5. He is an engineer.

  6. They are football player

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Future Tense of Verbs

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Had

3rd Form of Verb

 

Future Perfect Tense

 

Future perfect tense describes the action that will be completed in the future.

Rules of future perfect tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I shall have done exercise in the evening.

  2. They will have played cricket.

  3. The children will have watched the movie.

  4. My mother will have cooked food.

  5. He will have written a letter.

  6. They will have completed their work.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Future Tense of Verbs

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Will Have/Shall Have

3rd Form of Verb

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Present perfect continuous tense describes the action that started in the past and is continue at present time.

Rules of present perfect continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I have been doing exercise for three hours.

  2. They have been playing cricket for one hour.

  3. The children have been watching  movie for two hours.

  4. My mother has been cooking food for guests since morning.

  5. He has been reading for two hours.

  6. They have been living here since 1980.

 

Note :- We use for when we talk about a period of time - three hours, Ten years, Two decade.

             We use since when we talk about exact point of time - 1980, 7 o'clock, Sunday.

 

 

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Has Been/Have Been

First Form of Verb + ing

 

 Past Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Past perfect continuous tense describes the action that started in the past and continued up in the past  untill another action started.

Rules of past perfect continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I had been doing exercise for one hour.

  2. They had been playing cricket for two hours.

  3. The children had been watching the movie for two hours.

  4. My mother had been cooking food since 6 o'clock.

  5. He had been painting for three hours

  6. They had been living there since 1980.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Had Been

First Form of Verb+ing

 
 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Future perfect continuous tense describes the action that will start in future and will continue untill a point in future.

Rules of future perfect continuous tense are given below :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For example :-

  1. I shall have been doing exercise.

  2. They will have been playing cricket for three hours.

  3. The children will have been watching  the movie.

  4. My mother will have been cooking food.

  5. He will have been writing a letter.

  6. They will have been playing football for one hour.

 

For better understanding watch tenses video

Subject

Helping Verbs

Main Verb

I/We

You

He/She/It /They

Will Have Been/Shall Have Been

First Form of  Verb + ing

Simple Present Tense

Choose the correct form of verbs

1)-The students make/makes a lot of noise in the class.

2)- You do/does a lot of work.

3)-I like/likes to eat ice-cream.

4)-They play/plays football in the evening.

5)-My mother cook/cooks delicious food.

6)-They get/gets up at 7am. in the morning.

7)-Raj eat/eats an apple in the breakfast daily.

8)-Jack and Jill go/goes up the hill.

9)-This box contains/contain a gift.

10)-She do/does her homework daily in the evening.

Simple Past Tense

Write the correct form of verbs

1)-The students ....... (make) a lot of noise in the class.

2)- You ..... (do) a lot of work.

3)-I ..... (write) a letter.

4)-They ...... (play) football in the evening.

5)-My mother ...... (cook) delicious food for the party.

6)-They ...... (get) up at 7am. in the morning.
 

7)-Raj ...... (bring) a toy for his younger brother.

8)-My sister ....... (clean) the cupboard yesterday.

9)-The train ...... (arrive) today morning.

10)-We ..... (not go) to meet grandparents in vacations due to some reasons.

Simple Future Tense

 

Write the correct form of verbs

13)-Raj ...... (participate) in drawing competition.

14)- ...... you (do) this for me?

15)- He ...... (not complete) the work by tomorrow evening.

16)-I ...... (take) my dog for walk in the evening.

17)-We ...... (go) to the zoo on Sunday.

18)-He..... (not arrive) on time for the meeting.

19)-The airplane ........ (take) off for Mumbai at 10 am.

20)-My mother ....... (come) home by 9 pm.

21)-The teacher ....... (take) us to the computer lab tomorrow.

22)-Our Principal ...... (give) a speech on 26th January.