Conjunctions

 

In English grammar conjunction is a parts of speech that  connects two words, phrases or sentences together.​

 

Example :- Jack and Jill went up the hill.

                       I bought a new bike for  my son.

 

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MORE ABOUT CONJUNCTIONS

EXAMPLE OF CONJUNCTIONS

Types of Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions  :-Coordinating conjunctions are the conjunctions that connects two words, phrases and sentences that serves the same grammatical purpose.

For example :-

  1. John ate some noodles for he was hungry.

  2. I don't like tea nor do I like coffee.

  3. He will eat rice or chapati. 

  4. She was sick so she could not attend dance class.

 

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Types of Coordinating Conjunctions

There are seven coordinating conjunctions. We can learn them easily by using acronyms FANBOYS. They are :- for, and, nor, but, nor, yet and so.

 

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For:- For conjunction is used to explain reason or purpose.

For example :-

  1. I bought a new bag for my upcoming journey.

  2. He drank two glass of milk for he was hungry.

  3. I have to buy a new cycle for I sold my old cycle.

  4. My brother loves our dog for he is very cute.

 

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And:- And conjunction is used to join similar words, sentences and phrases together.

For example :-

  1. She is a doctor and a mother. 

  2. There was cake and ice-cream on her b'day party. 

  3. I like to have tea and some toast.

  4. She has two dogs and three cats.

 

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Nor:- Nor conjunction is used to present an alternative negative ideas to an already stated negative idea.

For example :-

  1. She doesn't like to eat cabbage nor broccoli. 

  2. He doesn't like to play badminton nor tennis. 

  3. Neither I nor my son like to drink juice.

  4. She didn't call me nor did she call her mother. 

 

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But:- But conjunction is used to join two opposite ideas together.

For example :-

  1. I want to eat ice-cream but I have cold.

  2. He wanted to play but he had assignment to do.

  3. They went to watch movie but it was houseful.

  4. She prepared food for the guest but they didn't come.

 

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Or:- Or conjunction is used to join when there is a choice between two or more options.

For example :-

  1. Are you going by taxi or bus.

  2. Would you like to have tea or coffee?

  3. She lives in Japan or US?

  4. The guest are going today or staying here?

 

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Yet:- Yet conjunction is used to introduce contrasting ideas that follow the preceding idea logically.

For example :-

  1. The dog wanted to play yet he was tired.

  2. He eats ice-cream yet he has cold.

  3. She did hard work for exam yet she failed.

  4. The weather was hot yet we enjoyed a lot.

 

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So:- So conjunction shows that the second idea is  result or effect of first idea. 

For example :-

  1. He lost the keys so he could not open the door.

  2. The children were hungry so they eat the whole cake.

  3. My brother got a job so he is going to UK.

  4. She didn't work hard so she failed.

 

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F

A

N

B

O

S

Y

Subordinating Conjunctions  :-Subordinate conjunctions are the conjunctions that connects independent clause with dependent clause.

An independent clause can exist independently , it doesn't require any additional information.

A dependent clause(subordinate clause) can not exist independently, it needs additional information.

For example :-

  1. We should always wash our hands before eating.

  2. I will help him incase he is in problem.

  3. After completing her studies  she got a new job.

  4. She can come first in the class as she is intelligent.

 

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Corelative Conjunctions  :-Corelative conjunction are the conjunctions that always work in pairs. They join two sentences, phrases or words that are of similar length.

 

For example :-

  1. He likes neither tea nor coffee.

  2. She not only sings but also dances.

  3. Our Math teacher speaks so fast that nobody can understand.

  4. I could have either cold drink or tea.

 

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Coordinating Conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions
Corelative Conjunctions

for

and

nor

but

or

yet

so

although

before

even if

though

since

unless

untill

whenever

as soon as

neither ---nor

not only-----but also

either----or

so-----that

just----as

weather ----or

hardly-----when

such----that

rather----than

Fill in the blanks with the correct coordinating conjunctions

(for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

1)- You can have tea ....... coffee.

2)- My son got first rank in the class ..... he worked hard.

3)-She ..... her friends were waiting for their turn.

4)-He knew the answer ..... he didn't tell me.

5)-She was enjoying the party ...... she wanted to go home.

6)-I didn't like apple ..... I like banana.

Subordinating Conjunctions

(as, while, although, after, because, until)

7)-He went to play ....... he finished his homework.

8)-My sister wants to be a teacher ...... she likes children.

9)-I didn't eat chicken ...... I am a vegetarian.

10)-My mother always listens music ....... cooking food.

11)-His dog wanted to play more ..... he was tired.

12)-She was completing her project work ...... she got tired.

Corelative Conjunctions

(not only - but also, either - or, as - as, neither - nor, whether - or, so - that)

13)- I will go on tour ...... today .... tomorrow.

14)- The children are ...... playing ..... studying.

15)- His dog ran ..... fast ...... nobody could see.

16)-Her brother ...... leave the party ..... spoils his mood.

17)-We have not decided ....... we should go to Singapore ..... Dubai.

18)-I parked the car ..... close to the wall  .... possible.