Active & Passive Voice

 

Voice is a form of verb, it indicates the relationship between the action and the subject. It tells us whether the subject does the action or the subject receives the action. The voice of the sentence may change in the sentence but the meaning of the sentence does not change.  

For better understanding watch video    

MORE ABOUT VOICE

EXAMPLES OF VOICE

 Active Voice

 The active voice indicates that the subject is the doer of the action. It means when the subject is doing the action the verb is in active voice.

For example :- 

  1. He  is writing a story.

  2. My mother cooks food .

  3. Tom is watching a movie.

  4.  I will call you in the evening.

 For better understanding watch  video

 Passive Voice

The passive voice indicates that the subject is the receiver of the action. It means when the subject is receiving the action the verb is in passive voice.

For example :-

  1. A story is written by him.

  2. Food is cooked by my mother.

  3. A movie is watched by Tom.

  4. You will be called by me in the evening.

 

For better understanding watch  video

 

Rules to change Active Voice to Passive Voice

  • The object of the verb becomes the subject of the verb in passive voice.

  • The subject of the verb becomes the object in the passive voice and is preceded by the preposition 'by'.

  • The verb changes to be form and the subject changes to the past participle form (3rd form) of verb.

Tenses
Active Voice
Passive Voice

Simple Present

Present Continuous

Present Perfect

Simple Past

Past Continuous

Past Perfect

Simple Future

Future Continuous 

Tim writes a letter.

A letter is written by Tim.

Tim is writing a letter.

A letter is being written by Tim.

Tim has written a letter.

A letter has been written by Tim.

He ate an apple.

An apple was eaten by him.

He was eating an apple.

An apple was being eaten by him.

He had eaten an apple.

An apple had been eaten by him.

I will bake a cake.

A cake will be baked by me.

I will be baking a cake.

No change

  • Personal pronouns change their form and become object pronouns.

Active Voice
Passive Voice

I watched a movie.

We bought a car.

She plays badminton.

He ate an apple.

They visited the zoo.

You played football.

A movie was watched by me.

A car was bought by us.

Badminton was played by her.

An apple was eaten by him.

The zoo was visited by them.

Football was played by you.

  • In negative sentences we usually place not before the past participle(3rd form of verb) form of the verb.

Active Voice
Passive Voice

I don't like tea.

She will not give the exam.

They didn't do homework.

Tom didn,t play cricket.

Tea is not liked by me..

The Exam will not be given by her.

Homework was not done by them.

Cricket was not played by Tom.

Convert the following sentences in passive voice:

1)- He attended the meeting at 9 am.

2)- I miss you.

3)- The students remember the former teacher.

4)- The police chased the thief.

5)- He smiled at the baby.

 

Convert the following sentences in active voice:

6)- Bananas were eaten by the monkeys.

7)- Guitar was being played by my younger brother.

8)- The yacht is being sailed by the sailor.

9)- A diamond ring was gifted to my mother by my father.

10)-The enemy country was attacked by the army.